UMGWAQO WAMABHAYISIKILI WOMGWAQO

Umjaho wamabhayisikili omgwaqo isiyalo semidlalo yebhayisikili yomgwaqo, ebanjelwe emigwaqweni egandayiwe. Umjaho womgwaqo wuhlobo lobuchwepheshe oludume kakhulu lomjaho wamabhayisikili, ngokwezibalo zabancintisana, imicimbi kanye nezibukeli. Amafomethi womncintiswano amabili ajwayelekile kakhulu yimicimbi yokuqala kwabantu abaningi, lapho abagibeli beqala khona kanyekanye (yize kwesinye isikhathi benokukhubazeka) nomjaho wokubeka iphuzu lokuqeda; nezilingo zesikhathi, lapho abagibeli abangabodwana noma amaqembu begijima inkambo bodwa bebhekene nesikhathi. Imijaho yesiteji noma "ukuvakasha" kuthatha izinsuku eziningi, futhi kuqukethe izigaba eziningana zokuqala noma zesikhathi sokulingwa ezigcwele ngokulandelana.
Umjaho wobungcweti uqhamuke eNtshonalanga Yurophu, ogxile eFrance, eSpain, e-Italy nasemazweni aphansi. Kusukela maphakathi nawo-1980, lo mdlalo wehlukene, nezinhlanga zobungcweti manje sezibanjelwe kuwo wonke amazwekazi omhlaba. Imijaho ye-semi-professional kanye ne-amateur nayo ibanjwa emazweni amaningi. Lo mdlalo ubuswa yi-Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI). Kanye neMincintiswano Yomhlaba Yomhlaba yaminyaka yonke yabesilisa nabesifazane ye-UCI, umcimbi omkhulu yiTour de France, umjaho wamasonto amathathu ongaheha abalandeli abangaphezu komgwaqo abangama-500,000 ngosuku.

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Usuku olulodwa

Ibanga lomjaho wosuku olulodwa lochwepheshe lingahle libe ngamakhilomitha ayi-180 (290 km). Izifundo zingahle zibaleke zisuka kwenye indawo ziye kwenye noma zakha ukujikeleza okukodwa noma okuningi kwesekethe; ezinye izifundo zihlanganisa zombili, okungukuthi, ukuthatha abagibeli endaweni yokuqala bese beqeda ngezikhala eziningana zesekethe (imvamisa ukuqinisekisa umbukwane omuhle kubabukeli ekugcineni). Imijaho engaphezu kwamasekethe amafushane, imvamisa emadolobheni noma ezindaweni ezisemadolobheni, yaziwa njenge-criteriums. Ezinye izinhlanga, ezaziwa njengokukhubazeka, zenzelwe ukufanisa abagibeli bamakhono ahlukene kanye / noma neminyaka; amaqembu abagibeli abahamba kancane aqala kuqala, abagibeli abashesha kakhulu baqale ekugcineni ngakho-ke kufanele bagijime kakhulu futhi basheshe ukubamba abanye izimbangi.

Isivivinyo sesikhathi

Individual time trial (ITT) umcimbi lapho abagibeli bamabhayisikili begijima bodwa bebhekene newashi endaweni eyisicaba noma egingqikayo, noma bekhuphuka ngomgwaqo osentabeni. Isivivinyo sesikhathi seqembu (i-TTT), kufaka phakathi isivivinyo seqembu lamadoda amabili, umjaho webhayisikili osuselwa emgwaqweni lapho amaqembu abagibeli bamabhayisikili egijimisana nesikhathi. Kuzo zombili izivivinyo zeqembu nezabantu ngabanye, abagibeli bamabhayisikili baqala umjaho ngezikhathi ezahlukahlukene ukuze isiqalo ngasinye silingane futhi silingane. Ngokungafani nezilingo zesikhathi esisodwa lapho izimbangi zingavunyelwe ukuthi 'zibhale' (ukugibela ku-slipstream) ngemuva komunye nomunye, ezivivinyweni zesikhathi seqembu, abagibeli eqenjini ngalinye basebenzisa lokhu njengecebo labo eliyinhloko, ilungu ngalinye libheka phambili ngenkathi iqembu labalingani ' hlala ngemuva. Amabanga omjaho ayahlukahluka kusuka kumakhilomitha ambalwa (imvamisa isandulela, isilingo sesikhathi ngasinye esivame ukuba ngaphansi kwamamayela ayi-5 (8.0 km) ngaphambi komjaho wasesteji, esetshenziselwa ukunquma ukuthi yimuphi umgibeli ogqoke ijezi lomholi esiteji sokuqala) kuya phakathi kwamamayela angaba ngu-20 (32 km) namakhilomitha angama-60 (97 km).

I-Randonneuring ne-ultra-distance

Imijaho yamabhayisikili yamabanga amade iyimicimbi emide kakhulu yesiteji esisodwa lapho iwashi lomjaho liqhubeka ngokuqhubekayo kusukela ekuqaleni kuze kube sekugcineni. Imvamisa zihlala izinsuku ezimbalwa futhi abagibeli bathatha amakhefu ngokwamashejuli abo, ophumelele abe ngowokuqala ukufika entanjeni. Phakathi kwama-ultramarathons aziwa kakhulu yiRace Across America (RAAM), umjaho ongagudluki ogwini kuya ogwini, abagibeli abagibela ibanga elilodwa cishe amakhilomitha angu-4,800 cishe ngesonto. Lo mjaho uvunyelwe yi-UltraMarathon Cycling Association (UMCA). I-RAAM nemicimbi efanayo ivumela (futhi kaningi kudinga) ama-racers ukuthi asekwe yithimba labasebenzi; kukhona futhi nemijaho yamabhayisikili emide kakhulu evimbela konke ukwesekwa kwangaphandle, njengeTranscontinental Race kanye ne-Indian Pacific Wheel Race.
Umsebenzi ohambisanayo wokwenza i-randonneuring akuyona neze indlela yokujaha, kepha kufaka phakathi ukuhamba ngebhayisikili inkambo enqunywe kusengaphambili ngaphakathi kwesikhathi esibekiwe.


Isikhathi Iposi: Jul-02-2021